|Schemes / Policies of the Department and Sub Departments
Main Schemes of Forest Department
Rehabilitation of Degraded Forests
This is the major Plan Scheme and aims at rehabilitation of degraded forests in the state. It is estimated that more than 10 lack hectares of Forest area is degraded in the State. Through this scheme efforts are afoot to rehabilitate the degraded and denuded Forest land on scientific lines by way of plantation, Soil and moisture Conservation measures, construction of check-dams, water harvesting structures and promoting natural regeneration.
Research Education and Training
This scheme aims at providing requisite training to the field staff of Forest Department and provides infrastructural facilities in respect of three training schools viz KFT School Chitternar, SC Training School, Miransahib and Forest guards Training School Doomi.
Working Plan and Research
The Working plan is a document which prescribes the management practices to be adopted for managing the forests on scientific lines.
Consolidation and Demarcation
Settlement, Demarcation and Consolidation of forest areas in an important component in the scientific management of forests. There is immense pressure on forest lands due to increasing population and developmental activities. The forest areas have always been prone to encroachments and illegal occupations due to perforated boundary lines and poor maintenance of land records.
Eco Task Force
The Eco Task Force Project (E.T.F) is a joint venture of J&K Forest Department and Territorial Army. Initially, it was launched in the year 1988 to rehabilitate the Ruie Catchments in Samba Town of Jammu province.
Buildings and Check Posts
- Construction of Buildings / Check posts
Proper infrastructure, in the shape of Rest Houses, Office accommodations, Check posts, staff quarters and guard huts is essential for protection and rehabilitation of forests.
Assets of the Forest Department like Rest Houses, Guard/ Chowkidar Huts, Residential Quarters, Check posts and Office Buildings have been the soft targets during the militancy period in the State.
The rapid urbanization has witnessed exploitation of natural resources especially the trees and green belts have met on slaught of various developmental activities, consequently causing environmental Hazards in the cities and towns. Need is being felt to green the urban areas by mass plantation of vacant lands, along Road sides, Highways, residential and commercial establishments and Parks.
Pasture and Fodder Development
The shortage of fodder adversely affects livestock population and its productivity, in the state. The vast pastures and grazing lands in the state are under heavy pressure due to increased in cattle population. This problem needs to be addressed at the right earnest by developing pastures across the state to ensure adequate availability of fodder for the livestock.
Stabilization of Slip Areas on National Highway (1A)
Srinagar Jammu National Highway 1-A passes through an unstable mountain range and river Chenab flows alongside the Highway from Batote area upto Ramsu. This peculiar situation of the Highway makes it prone to landslides and natural disintegration. The problem of landslides has become acute in the recent past due to degradation of forest cover.
Development of Conifer Forests
In the state of Jammu & Kashmir, conifer forests crops occupy 31.80 % of the forest area. There are four main species of conifers viz. Deodar (Cedus deodara), Kail (Pinus wallichiana), Fur (Abies pendrow), Chir (Pinus roxburghii). All the four species are economically very important for the state. Deodar, kail and Fir are the principle species and much sought for constructions of Houses and furniture in the state.
CM's Participatory Afforestation Scheme
In order to involve people in the regeneration of degraded forests and increasing the tree coverage on vacant lands, the scheme "Chief Ministers Participatory Afforestation Programme" has been launched from the year 2004-05 on pilot basis. The objective of the scheme is to make tree plantation on open forest lands, vacant lands and other Government lands by giving its full benefits to the beneficiaries actively involved in the programme.
Integrated Forest Protection
Protection of forests assumes highest priority and therefore adequate resources are needed to see that the forest and biodiversity is protected from all ills. The protection of existing forests is cost effective as compared to forest plantations. This scheme aims at taking preventive measures to control forest fires besides providing for infrastructural facilities to achieve the objectives of eradicating illicit timber trade and damage caused due to livestock.
Monitoring & Evaluation
Since there is a need to establish a mechanism to monitor the progress of various schemes and also to have surveys and studies conducted, the requirement of funds under this scheme has been proposed to take care of these studies.
Participatory Grazing land Development programme
The pressure of cattle population on the forests is very high due to large number of cattle which is almost equal to the population of the human souls in the state. The nomadic grazers move in winter in the warm areas of Jammu especially in Jammu, Kathua and Udhampur Districts. Maximum pressure is on Jammu and Kathua forests. There is need to regenerate these forests and grazing areas on participatory basis.
Maintenance of Capital Assets
Forest Department has created huge assets in the shape of plantations, Office buildings residential complex, Forest Rest houses, Guard Huts/ Range Offices, Check Posts etc and Forest roads.
Village Wood Lot
The basic objective of this component is to raise trees and grasses on the community wastelands with the assistance of local communities for their benefit under Joint Forest Management. It not only helps meeting the multifarious requirements of the people for small timber, fuel-wood, fodder, grasses and fruits but at the same time, it reduces dependence and pressure on the natural forests.
Under this component, the areas available with Government Institutions like Schools, Colleges, Universities, Government Offices, Army and Police Camps are being covered by plantations of suitable ornamental and useful trees.
Strip Plantations are being raised along the roads, railway lines, canal sides and river banks to minimize the pollution hazards and enhance the aesthetic beauty of the areas.
Silvi-Pasture And Fodder Development
Pasture and Fodder Development near habitations reduces grazing pressure on our natural forests, thereby helping in natural regeneration, besides providing fodder for livestock of the state at their doorsteps. This helps in enhancing production of dairy products to a large extent in the State.
Plants are being raised in advance for utilization in the next years works programme. Advance action is taken for purchase of polythene bags, farm yard manure, filling of bags and purchase and sowing of seeds etc.
Under this component, farmers are provided with the plants for raising plantations on their private lands, marginal lands, home-studs, field boundaries of agricultural lands etc. for meeting the requirements of fruit boxes, raw material of ply boards, charcoal, timber, firewood, fodder, etc.
Beating up of Casualties (BUC)
To replace the dry and dead plants affected by various natural causes resulting into their mortality, it is proposed to go for Beating up of Casualties (BUC).
Maintenance of Capital Assets:
With the creation of Social Forestry Department, maintenance of old closures and assets in the form of plantation closures, buildings, vehicles etc. are required for better productivity and efficient working of the Department.
Housing and Building
In the absence of adequate infrastructure of buildings at Directorate / Divisional / District and Range Office levels, it is very important to make permanent arrangement of housing and buildings.
Soil and Water Conservation
The main objective of the scheme is to conserve soil and water, the basic constituents of Nature's primary productivity system, on multidisciplinary integrated approach to enhance the productivity of the land for sustainable socio-economic development in close cooperation with Govt. departments, NGO's. voluntary agencies and local people. It is also intended to increase water conservation and augment ground water recharge by raising water harvesting structures.
Land Slide Control (District Sector)
The land sliding is a natural phenomenon and controlling it in its entirety is very difficult. However, if proper and timely corrective measures are taken, further sliding can be checked to a large extent.
Drainage line Treatment
The basic principle of soil conservation is to start works both vegetative and engineering from top to bottom. This approach not only conserves soil but also improve the moisture regime of entire catchment.
Nallah Bank Erosion Control
Control of Nallah Bank Erosion is very important for protecting the land along the bank.
Ladakh Soil Conservation Programme
Ladakh being a cold desert region, soil conservation measures have a very good potential to increase production and very good results have been seen.
Sisal Propagation Programme
Sisal, being a good soil binder, is raised for the treatment of slips in highly degraded and eroded slopes in tropical & Sub tropical zones.
Augmentation/consolidation of Soil Conservation Works
At times soil conservation works carried out in past get damaged due to natural calamities like, rains, floods, landslides, avalanches etc. Selected units are taken up for augmentation in phased manner.
Research and Demonstration:
The Dept. takes up large quantity of minor-engineering works to conserve soil and reclaim the valuable land. To study and quantify its impact the Department has initiated studies on "Effect of soil conservation measures particularly minor engineering works at different altitude, slope and climate zones".
Activities of Ecology, Environment Board:-
To take reviews of the general working of the department, meeting of ecology and Environment Board will be organized so that proper monitoring is carried out and directions for proper functioning of the department are received from time to time.
Direction and Administration:-
Under this scheme, maintenance, up-gradation and addition of the infrastructure including buildings and office premises are carried out.
Setting up of Remote Sensing Cell:-
The Department has a Remote Sensing Center having main lab at Srinagar with a branch office at Jammu. Besides completing the ongoing projects assigned to the center by NRSC Hyderabad, SAC, Ahmadabad and other Central Government agencies, the center is also catering to the needs of the different sister wings of Forest department and other departments of the State by way of providing Remote Sensing and GIS based information which includes maps and data.
Development of wet Lands
As per the Govt. Order No:-322-FST of 1989 the survey, monitoring and development plans of water bodies of J&K have to be prepared by this Deptt. The Deptt. has already prepared a directory of water bodies of the state based on Topo Sheets. Further upgradation of the directory is requiring through Remote Sensing & GIS.
Information, publicity and Awareness
The scheme aims at organizing environmental awareness programmes in the state to sensitize masses about environmental challenges with special emphasis on conservation of forests, natural resources of the State.
Environmental Impact Assessment
Under this scheme the assessment of the impact of human activities on natural resources is done which may include water bodies tourist spots having heavy traffic of tourists, developmental activities etc.
Development of Environmental Parks
Under the scheme the environmental parks are created, developed and maintained in urban areas as a part of environmental awareness campaign among the masses in the locality under this scheme.
Environment Survey Monitoring and Dissemination
Under the scheme various surveys and environmental studies including climate change and carbon sequestration will be taken up. During the current year, concrete scientific concept papers for the above studies will be prepared by hiring consultants/in collaboration with scientific or educational institutions.
Environmental Training, Research and Education
The main components of the scheme include environmental issues including organizing environmental training camps in Colleges/Schools, skill up-gradation of environmental staff.
Renovation of Old Ponds (for Water Harvesting)
In kandi belts of the state there is an acute scarcity of water. Portable drinking water is not available to many Villagers. Even now most of the Villagers are depending solely on these traditional ponds and wells for their water requirement.
Opening of Environment Centers/Eco Clubs
The scheme will remain on hold during the year as this scheme is already with the PCB. Having this scheme in both the organizations will mean duplication.
Afforestation of Jehlum Catchments/Institutional Afforestation
This scheme needs to be with drawn. This is not the mandate of the Department.
Survey of Medicinal Plants/Natural Resources
Under this head, the survey and mapping of resources of the state is done. This year to support the functioning of Sheep Husbandry and Forest Deptt. Mapping of Alpine Pastures of state using Remote Sensing and GIS Data Base.
Non-wood Forest Products (Herbal nurseries and Herbal Gardens)
The non-wood forest products, which include medicinal and aromatic plants, are gaining importance day by day as more and more people are returning to herbal products because of side effects of the chemical products. A large portion of rural and interior backward areas is depending economically on harvesting, processing and marketing of these products. J&K State has great potential of these products
Research Library and Documentation
SFRI has a mandate to develop a good Library to facilitate the in-house research and to serve as reference library on forestry matters at regional centers. SFRI also publishes research reports, bulletins for use of forestry professionals to increase awareness about the research findings and results.
The provision of Mist Chambers, shade house/Green house, High Tech Nursery etc. need to be developed and maintained at the research stations on scientific and technical lines. Similarly, other infrastructure development activities like construction of Range offices, field stations in closures/ experimental plots could further help in establishment and effective
A computer Data center Base is mandated to be developed at SFRI Regional centers of Jammu and Srinagar. Computer Center shall be equipped with the modern computers and peripherals to facilities the documentation and data processing of the various research activities. functioning of the Institute.
Good Nurseries and quality planting material are backbone of success of plantation in the field. For this purpose, SFRI has established modern nurseries in different agro-climatic zones of the state.
The main schemes of Pollution Control Board and activities of the Board are as follows:
- Enforcement of various Environmental laws.
- Regulation of Industrial activity in the state by issue of Consent for Establishing and Operation of Industrial units under Air and Water Acts.
- Grant of Authorization under Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008 Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules and other authorization under rules framed under Environment Protection Act, 1986.
- To advise the State Government on any matter concerning prevention, control and abatement of pollution.
- To monitor and disseminate information relating to water, air, and noise pollution and the prevention and control thereof.
- Monitoring and vigilance of industrial units.
- Awareness rising on Prevention and Control of Pollution.